If you are currently designing and planning your dream home, everything should of course correspond to your ideas down to the last detail. But has it ever occurred to you, even as a layperson, to simply plan your own home yourself? It is now possible! Because with the ArCADia BIM 3D Architect, architectures can be visualized in a very uncomplicated way and without any further prior knowledge. You draw standard-compliant floor plans according to German building standards and design all elements in 3D according to your ideas. This is made possible by numerous tools and extremely easy to use. With these you actually plan your new home down to the last detail – and all without professional help! As a result, you can simply pass the plans on to your responsible architect, who will optimize them and adapt them if necessary.
Between all these functions and tools you will also find the roof editor. After all, the roof also plays a major role in the appearance of your home and the quality of life in it. That is why, in addition to the roof editor, you also have a tool for constructing wooden elements. With the ArCADia BIM 3D Architect you not only plan the roof down to the last detail, but also equip it with dormer, roof terrace, windows and more. In this sense, our software offers you the ideal balance between the planning of practical and visual aspects.
Despite the large range of tools and functions, you actually do not need any prior knowledge of plan drawing or architecture for planning with the ArCADia BIM 3D Architect. Instead, the software introduces you to roof design and offers you all the ways that lead to an aesthetic and practical roof on the screen. Nevertheless, it makes sense to read into the matter beforehand. If you know which roof types are available to you and what really matters when it comes to a roof, planning is all the easier.
How is a roof built? The roof structure and the structure
Before you start planning your new roof, you should have a few basic roofing knowledge. Because not all roofs are the same. Instead, roofs differ in numerous shapes and types, which thus offer a suitable solution for every house. Basically, the ArCADia BIM 3D Architect already gives you a good overview of all these types. Still, it is easier if you approach the planning with a little know-how. This way you can use the roof editor optimally and the construction is easier.
First and foremost, it is about building roofs. Because regardless of type and shape, these actually always consist of two components:
- the roof structure or the roof structure
- the roof structure
Have you ever been to an undeveloped attic or in a barn, you have probably already seen the roof structure. This is namely the construction, which is mostly made of wood and supports the rest of the roof. It consists of beams, which ensure the stability of the roof. These beams are called “purlins” in technical jargon. Other elements of the roof structure are collar beams, rafters and the roof battens.
The roof construction is the focus of ensuring the quality and stability of your roof. So if it is inadequate, so is the rest of the roof. Because then you come to the roof structure. It should never be forgotten that roofs are not only required for protection against wind and weather in the home. In addition, insulation and the determination of the room climate also begin here. Accordingly, a distinction is made between single-skin and double-skin roofs.
Single-shell roofs (also known as warm roofs) only have one shell, which is why there is no additional ventilation. This is cheaper in terms of construction and is the right option, especially for modern flat roofs. In the case of double-shell roofs, on the other hand, there is air circulation between the two shells. This is an advantage in terms of the indoor climate. Because the constant air circulation increases the energy efficiency on the one hand and prevents condensation on the other. This reduces the risk of mold and you avoid potential problems in the future. However, the construction costs are correspondingly higher than with a hipped roof.
How can a roof be covered?
While the roof structure and the roof structure are in the foreground for the actual construction, the roof covering plays a major role for you. No wonder, after all, this also determines the look. There are numerous options open to you. In addition to their external appearance, these differ in terms of various advantages and disadvantages. The most common roof claddings include:
- Roof tiles made of clay, natural stone, concrete, aluminum or wood
- Reed, which forms the traditional thatched roof
Which material you choose depends primarily on your requirements for optics. At the same time, however, you will find numerous styles of roof cladding these days, which is why you have various options for all materials. With the ArCADia BIM 3D Architect you can try out different optics and find the right roof design for your purposes.
Which criteria are decisive for roof planning?
There is no such thing as one perfect roof for every situation. Instead, the roof planning – just like the rest of the house planning – is about various aspects that have to be considered. After all, requirements and personal taste also vary. Therefore, always keep the following points in mind when choosing your roof.
- Personal requirements: This is primarily about your own taste and the look you want to achieve.
- Building regulations: There may also be regional regulations for the roof. Therefore, inquire about these in advance.
- Statics and condition of your house: Since the building has to support the entire roof, its statics must also be taken into account when planning the roof. In this way, any consequential damage can be avoided in the future.
- Environment: There should also be visual harmony in your neighborhood. It is therefore important that your house does not stand out completely. So pay attention to the roof shapes of the neighboring houses and orientate yourself on a uniform overall picture in the neighborhood.
- Use: Should your roof be converted into an attic later? Or would you even like to create an entire living area under the roof? Perhaps you would also like to have a roof terrace in the future. In this sense, personal use must also be taken into account when designing the roof.
- Financial aspects: Of course, your personal wishes should not affect profitability. It is therefore advisable that you strike a balance between extravagance and fulfilling all personal requirements and economy.
Typical roof shapes to consider
Which roof shape is most suitable for your home depends on the shape of your house and your personal ideas. Some types are only suitable under certain conditions, while other roof shapes are all-rounders. The good news: With the ArCADia BIM 3D Architect, all common shapes are available, which is why you can simply try them out. These classic roof shapes include the following types:
Saddle roof: This is one of the most popular roofs in this country and represents the most common shape in a rectangular building. It is the classic, which converges in a triangular shape. In technical terms, the slopes are connected by the dormer. This form is particularly profitable if you take into account that you may want to expand the roof in the future.
Hipped roof: While all the slopes of the hipped roof converge to one point, several sides face each other. You can adjust the inclination of the individual roof surfaces yourself, which results in more individuality. This type of roof is particularly recommended for tall buildings, as the flattened surfaces mean there is less space for any dangers from snow and wind.
Mansard roof: Here, the roof basically adapts exactly to the building. In this sense, mansard roofs are particularly suitable if you use the attic as living space. Accordingly, you avoid inclines and thus facilitate the design of the attic extension.
Sliding roof: house roof and patio roof in one? Tow roofs are intended for this! Because these extend beyond the boundaries of the building and thus also offer protection for an extended area. As a result, you can use that train as protection for a terrace or to store various objects outside.
Monopitch roof: Based on the shape of a monopitch, the monopitch roof consists of just a single roof surface with a slight incline. The sloping side always runs in the direction of the weather side, which provides more protection from wind and weather. This roof shape can be considered especially if you are planning to install solar panels.
Flat roof: The flat roof plays a major role, especially in modern architecture. With this, the roof itself can be used as a surface, which is why there is space above the house for a garden, terrace, bed or pool. However, innovative systems for drainage or rainwater drainage must be created.
In addition to these common roof shapes, there are also numerous other types that are less common, but can also be considered. These include, for example, barrel, cone, tent, trench or half-hip roofs.
What does the corresponding software cost?
If you decide to plan your new roof independently, there can be several reasons. On the one hand, the focus is certainly on the simplified design according to your wishes. On the other hand, financial aspects also come into play. If you plan your roof yourself, the architect will have to be brought on board later, which will save you cash. However, for this to be profitable, the cost of the software itself must of course also be taken into account.
At first glance, of course, free software seems attractive. After all, it seems like this is where you can save the most. However, you must not forget that the virtual planning should also be implemented later. This is the only way that the architect only has to do a little himself in the further course, which only lowers costs. From this point of view, free software is less suitable. You can choose from classic roof types, but many other settings are missing. You can therefore plan the roof less extensively and only get a small insight into the actually numerous possibilities.
If you would like to benefit from all the advantages of roof design on your own, there is no way around paid software. This thus offers professional tools and also enables the design of rarer or unusual roof types. If problems or questions also arise, extensive help is usually available to you with such programs. This includes, for example, customer service or manuals.
Our tip: Almost all paid software has a test phase. This usually runs between a week and a month. If you already have specific ideas about your roof and it is only about the simple visualization, you can use this time for planning and completion. You therefore benefit from the professional software without any fee.
Have your own ideas evaluated
Even though you would like to plan and plan your roof independently, you don’t have to be on your own. After all, it is said that four eyes see better than two – and that’s true. It is therefore definitely worthwhile to seek input from people in a similar situation or even from a professional in your circle of friends. Ask people in your area who have already built a house or had a roof refurbished. Alternatively, forums are also suitable in which like-minded people and builders can talk about their ideas. On the one hand you can get tips and on the other hand you can have your ideas evaluated by outsiders.
At the same time, sooner or later you will not be able to avoid the architect when planning your own roof. He will do the final touches on your plan. By optimizing your plan beforehand, you save higher costs from the architect.
What are the advantages of using software?
Concrete advantages of roof planning on your own are:
–Lower costs: This saves you the work of your architect for the most part. You can invest this money in materials and high-quality equipment.
– the design according to your ideas: You can therefore fully orientate yourself to your wishes.
– An overview of all options: While you have to rely on the architect’s technical expertise and suggestions, the ArCADia BIM 3D Architect gives you a direct insight into your options for roof design.
How can the right company be found?
You can plan your new roof yourself, but you cannot build it. For this reason, you need a professional who takes over the implementation of the roof construction and the roofing. Both construction companies and roofers come into play here. It is important that your wishes are actually turned into reality and that your previously drawn up plans are observed. It is therefore advisable that you find not just any company, but one that will meet all of your needs.
Therefore, before you decide on a specific company, you should do a precise search beforehand. You can also search for experiences in various forums and get tips and experience reports on various companies. Sort out the companies that are suitable for you. You then send your plan to all providers in the form of an inquiry and obtain the cost offers. You can now decide between these and, if necessary, carry out price negotiations with the individual companies.
Be careful with package deals
Inexpensive always looks attractive at first glance. But just as you should avoid free software, you should proceed with caution with package deals. Because basically it sounds nice for the first time to pay a fixed price for the design and construction of your roof. The disadvantage is also obvious: Because only fixed costs are invested. This means that the provider must refer to various factors when presenting the offer. It is also these that determine the cost of an order. Of course, the company also wants to earn money on the order and thus tries to keep its own expenses low. However, the company can only play with two components in the first place:
- the material costs
- and staff costs
However, there are potential problems associated with saving on both of these factors. If the materials are saved, the construction will be correspondingly flawed. It can therefore happen that the quality is just poor. It is also possible that the end result does not correspond to your plans, as the primary focus was on saving materials. This is done, for example, by buying remaining stock. And you can also suffer disadvantages when it comes to savings through personnel costs. For example, costs in this area can only be reduced if the employees are paid on an hourly rate for their order. This of course puts them under pressure, which can lead to poor implementation.
With these points in mind, you should therefore always carefully approach various package deals. So don’t be directly impressed by a cheap offer for the construction of your entire roof. Because the investment in a new roof or in a high-quality roof in the course of the new building is always associated with high costs in the range of around 20,000 euros and up. However, if the work is inadequately carried out, this soon entails repair costs and the like, which makes a supposedly cheap package deal appear more expensive.
It is also problematic if, as a layperson, you cannot assess the quality of the roof at all. Accordingly, you accept a package deal and receive a finished roof that could convince at first glance. In the event of a so-called botch and various deficiencies in the construction, you will only be able to notice the consequences many years later. Instead, rely on a professional right from the start, who will adapt the costs to the construction process and the individual requirements, and you will save cash in the future despite higher construction costs.
However, it is not always just about the financial aspects. Because in general it must be said: Quality has its price and a quality home is priceless. That is why it is worthwhile in every respect to invest in the professional implementation of experts.
The different types of roofs
How high the costs for your roof will be in the end, how long the construction process will take and how the process will be, all depends on the type of roof. For this reason, you should be careful in your choice in every way. Because although the classic shapes have all proven themselves here, a certain one could be more profitable for your individual case. These most common roof types include the following forms in particular.
The gable roof (also: gable roof)
This is the classic roof shape, which is immediately associated with a house roof. Therefore, two roof surfaces of the same size meet in a rectangular shape and form the roof ridge here. Little can be done wrong during construction and the construction costs are accordingly limited.
The flat roof
If you take a look at most of the modern houses in your area, you will mostly come across a flat roof. This growing popularity has to do on the one hand with practical and on the other hand with optical aspects. In this way, the roofs can also be used as a garden, while the look is unobtrusive, discreet and yet timelessly aesthetic. As the name suggests, it is a simple roof that is at a maximum angle of 10 degrees. Due to its fundamentally undemanding construction, the flat roof has been in use for thousands of years. However, considering modern aspects, it is more susceptible to maintenance in the long term.
The mansard roof
The mansard roof (also: mansard roof) was created in the 17th century and is still used today on domestic houses. It is characterized by different sized roof areas, which adapt exactly to the building and usually form a trapezoid. The advantage here is that it is ideally suited for living spaces in loft conversions. So there are no slopes and you can design the interior accordingly easily. For this flexibility, however, a great deal of effort and, as a result, high financial expenses are necessary.
The hipped roof
The hipped roof is basically based on the gable roof – or vice versa. The difference, however, is that the gable ends are also equipped with a roof surface, which clearly distinguishes the look from the gable roof. At the same time, there is not a single hipped roof. It is much more a super-category for numerous other roof types. These differ in the arrangement of the roof surfaces. The pyramid roof (also: tent roof) can be used as an example. This is based on the principle of the hipped roof and thus has a roof surface on all sides. However, these converge to form a roof ridge. The name arose from this look, which resembles a pyramid. The advantage of hip roofs, however, is always their stability. They are actually considered to be the most robust constructions, which clearly sets them apart from the pitched roof in terms of price.
The tent roof
Tow roofs are rarely used today, although they stand out in terms of their appearance and functionality. The construct was traditionally mainly used on farms, where the protruding part, i.e. the train, was used as a cover for other parts of the building. In the manner of a gable roof, the towing roof completely covers the building and converges to form a roof ridge. In contrast to the gable roof, however, the roof surfaces extend further beyond the building and offer, as it were, an extended roof for a larger area. On the farm, for example, the train was used to cover any extensions or sheds. But the modern house can also be enriched with the tented roof. It is particularly suitable for extensions or as a patio roof. However, if there is no further need for this, a simple gable roof is sufficient.
The butterfly roof
Butterfly roofs have a unique look, which is associated with various problems. This is namely the reverse version of the gable roof. The two sides therefore do not form a roof ridge, but instead a pit. In this sense, the roof surfaces run in a V-shape, which primarily serves optical purposes. At the same time, the resulting pit will serve to collect rainwater and thus drain it away. However, there are a few hurdles associated with this basic idea. Because in reality, the combination of the confluence of the roofs, the resulting pit and heavy rain or snowfall can cause severe damage. For this reason, the construction is primarily used for smaller buildings and mostly in public spaces. In some avant-garde architecture, the butterfly roof is also used in single-family homes. In this way, unique optics can be achieved here. Mostly, however, this is a combination with other types of roof, such as the shed roof or the trench roof.
The cost of roof construction
The costs for your roof are always based on the selected shape, material, size and equipment. Of course, this must be taken into account at the planning stage. With that in mind, you have two options. So you set a budget and plan your roof within that. Alternatively, plan your dream roof first. However, this approach is only suitable for a very large budget. For the breakdown of costs, you need to consider the following factors:
- the shape and, accordingly, the roof structure
- the roofing
- the insulation
- the decision between warm or cold roof
You can count on comparatively low costs with a pitched, flat or monopitch roof. On the other hand, mansard roofs and hipped roofs are usually associated with higher costs. The final costs, however, result from the individual decisions and also from the company chosen for the implementation.