How do I draw a map?
First of all, it must be clarified what a site plan is actually about. With a site plan, you have the option of depicting a building and its surroundings. This is for the purposes of illustration and clarity. A site plan shows the form in which the property is integrated into the surroundings and what conditions are adjacent to the property. These can be neighboring houses, public roads and paths or other types of development. The client, who is pursuing a special construction project in relation to the building or property, can see the location at a glance. For the submission of a building application, the submission of a site plan is also required. The type of construction is not strictly regulated and can be carried out by the client himself. It can be a manual drawing or a digital one.
Structure of the site plan
There is no uniform stipulation of how the plan is to be drawn up. But what the content of the plan must be. The site plan is basically divided into two areas. On the one hand, a written part must be available here, as well as a draftsman. Both parts do not have to be created separately from each other but can be connected to each other harmoniously.
The graphic part is the visual representation of the project and the conditions. The building is at the center of the plan. The locally adjacent conditions must then be inserted around this. The respective property boundaries form the framework of the plan. In addition, all existing traffic routes must be listed. When depicting the building, it is sufficient if the outlines are drawn. There is no uniform regulation for the standard. However, it is common to use a 1: 500 display.
The second part of a site plan is the written part. With this, the construction plan is specified. The point is to give an accurate description. There are precise specifications here as to what information the site plan must contain. It is therefore mandatory to give the full name of the builder and the surrounding owners. The parcel numbers and boundaries entered in the land register must also be identified. The building plot itself and the surrounding neighboring plots must be specifically named. The same applies to the adjacent traffic routes. In addition, the location to the north must be determined, as well as the altitude and the exact size of the property. Legal requirements and powers should also be mentioned. Both the permitted type of development and the type of use must be described. Any construction loads are to be specified. A development plan and the associated statutes are to be attached. Existing construction facilities must be described and areas that cannot be built on and areas that can be built on must be marked accordingly.
In order to be able to create the site plan correctly, you need the relevant information. Here you have to partially fall back on the stored information of certain authorities. This applies, for example, to the determination of the parcels. These can be viewed at the land registry office of the local district court. The measurement data is also available here. You can also determine some other information yourself, such as the size of the planned development. The floor plan can provide a good basis here.
As mentioned above, there are two methods of creating a site plan. One option is to draw by hand. Accordingly, you need a large sheet of paper, ideally graph paper, as well as a pencil and a ruler. Drawing with a pencil makes it possible to correct small mistakes immediately. In addition, it is helpful to draw a scale according to the scale, on which one can orientate again and again. The manual creation of a site plan is not necessarily easy, so you should bring some talent with you.
In order to be able to start with the drawing, you then need a concrete specification of the environment. One possibility here is to get a map of the area from the responsible office. Alternatively, you can also find out more on the Internet and find a template there with the help of a route planner, for example. Here you look for the exact location of the property and mark it. The basis of the l site plan is formed by the outer boundaries of the building plot together with all of the specified area units. The surrounding properties and traffic routes can then be connected around this plan. It is important here that you strictly adhere to a predefined standard. Once the basic dimensions are in place, the written information must be added.
The creation by software
The second option for creating a site plan is to use appropriate software. So-called CAD software is suitable for this. CAD stands for “Computer-Assisted Design”, ie a computer-aided construction method. This software is designed to create site plans in the simplest and most accurate way possible. Instead of the pencil, the mouse comes into play here to carry out the drawing. The site plan is gradually filled with the desired objects and elements. These can be dragged into the plan with a simple click of the mouse. This also makes it easier to carry out repairs and implement corrections in between. Some software applications also allow a representation in 3D. This makes the site plan even more vivid and clear. The software also offers the option of creating the floor plan. This can then be easily integrated into the plan. As with the manual site plan, the written part must now also be added here. There is also a predefined menu structure for this. The software offers an all-round package for creating a site plan so that it can be displayed very precisely in the simplest possible way. However, it must be mentioned that this software must be purchased.
Regardless of the way in which the site plan was created – it now serves as the basis for the creation of an official site plan, which is drawn up by a publicly appointed surveyor. As soon as this plan has been made, it can be attached to the building application and used for the application.