The quality of every building begins with the drawing of the project. This is not just about the aesthetics and futurism of the building. Instead, important standards, norms and benchmarks must be taken into account, which is why a wide variety of areas are included. An architect is usually employed for this. But even that has a catch, which is often difficult to find the right provider. In addition, large sums of money flow into the architects and the building drawing. These are all costs that can also be put into the beauty of the dream home. The right CAD software is required so that a large part of the architect’s work can be saved and the quality of the construction project can still be maintained. While some of these programs often lag behind in terms of quality and scope, there are also alternatives with which the client becomes an architect himself. In this way, dreams and ideas can be visualized directly, while the scope of the program means that all structural specifications are adhered to.
CAD software for amateurs: can anyone use it?
Anyone who has ever been involved in a building or has even planned a building drawing with an architect knows the scope. It is not for nothing that many years and a lot of know-how flow into the profession of architect. On the one hand, individual wishes and ideas must be integrated into the construction planning. On the other hand, the correct structural engineering and numerous calculations are essential for the property to be convincing in quality in the end. More than that – if this area is ignored, there is even a risk of collapse and, as a result, danger to life. So you would not think that the construction drawing can also be carried out by a layperson using various software. However, a wide variety of programs prove the opposite.
While such CAD software for the creation of construction plans do not quite come close to the scope of the architect, numerous functions have nonetheless been taken over. Programs of this kind have already been designed for the layperson. The short answer is that anyone can actually use such software and thus create construction drawings. Here, the goal is gradually introduced, with the functions also being adapted accordingly. There is a variety of help and support within the software. In this sense, even total beginners and thus people without any experience in the field of construction planning can become the architects of their dream homes. Various previous knowledge is of course always helpful and simplifies and accelerates the process. Nonetheless, CAD software for laypeople is structured in such a way that all functions and tools are simply made available. The implementation is mostly self-explanatory and is accordingly simple. Anyone who needs help at any time can find support either in the context of support or in various blogs and forums online.
In the end, practice is known to make perfect. While the first construction drawing can be bumpy at times, you will learn more over time. At the beginning, the construction drawing is therefore introduced step by step. If there is a basis in drawing for the first time, the next project will be easier. In this way, even laypeople can acquire professional skills from home. In this way, builders can save high costs in the context of construction planning. The architect is either involved later in the course of the project or is not arranged at all. It is therefore completely worthwhile to invest a little time in CAD software and thus save money. On top of that, it is fun to use and often encourages the visualization of new ideas.
That has to be considered: in a few steps to the goal as a client
A high-quality construction drawing should lay the foundation for a future building project. In this sense, time and effort have to be invested here – but it pays off. Because proper planning is already half of success. In this sense, neither the architect nor the layman creates building drawings overnight. Instead, work has to be done in different stages and taking into account the most varied of standards. Thus, there are clear guidelines and implementation that must be observed here. If a layperson is working with CAD software, a guide must be used. This is either already used within the program or is taken from outside. This is the only way to ensure that nobody gets lost. Otherwise it is not uncommon for the layman to be overwhelmed by the multitude of functions and consequently lose sight of the goal. With structure and planning, high-quality results, which are also convincing in terms of aesthetics, are preprogrammed. In this way, the potential of the program is fully exploited. If you keep coming up with ideas or new requests during the planning, they can also be implemented. The main thing, however, is that one never completely strays off the path with the construction drawing. For this it is necessary to roughly adhere to the following steps when drawing.
Right at the beginning: create the basics
A huge and pompous building on the screen is useless if there is not enough space on the property. Likewise, long buildings cannot be realized if, for example, the street begins earlier. In short: not every construction can really be implemented in every case. This must be taken into account in the construction drawing so as not to waste any effort. In this sense, the visualized dream home must always be within the scope of the possibilities. For this purpose, the various CAD software offer functions by means of which the basics on the property are also created. These not only include the scope and dimensions of the area. In addition, non-movable projects on the property are also relevant in the context of the construction drawing. These can be hills or trees, for example, which should not be affected.
If the property is laid out in the software, it should be accurate and in line with the actual values. Of course, approximate dimensions are also possible, but they may only vary slightly. Otherwise, the disappointment can be great if the supposedly ideal construction drawing cannot be implemented due to deviations in dimensions. If the property and co are not yet in possession, the old owner or the broker can also be contacted for the transmission of the outline. The main thing, however, is that the fundamentals entered in the software are correct in the end.
Depending on the scope of the functions in the program, other values and properties of the property can also be set. It pays off to always use the scope of the tools. Because every setting can ultimately contribute to the fact that the construction drawing is actually feasible and, moreover, of high quality. In this case, this means, for example, entering the cardinal points so that the windows and the alignment of the rooms are also adapted to the daylight. After all, it is precisely the ideal lighting conditions that contribute significantly to the quality of the room. It is best to experiment with a wide variety of functions and invest a lot of effort in setting realistic conditions and basics on the building site.
Phase 2: the outlines are laid
The outline of a building determines its appearance from the outside, the quality in the interior, the usable area and much more. Since other steps can only be carried out by drawing a first outline, this is laid out immediately after the property has been prepared. The first ideas regarding design and structure are allowed to flow in here. While you have to think carefully, as the current step also affects the variations in the further course, not everything has to be thought through. A basic outline is enough. Various extensions, garages, winter gardens and the like can also be added retrospectively. While the proportions of the new building are being determined here for the first time, the focus is much more on the nature of the floor plan. Because the quality, the thickness and the material of the outer walls influence the later room quality as well as the energy efficiency. For this purpose, different tools can be used and different wall densities and insulation can be tried out. The basis for later life in the property is already planned and thus a suitable basis for further steps is laid. At the same time, the thickness of the wall affects not only the quality of the room, but also the cost of the construction. Despite extensive functions, the tools do not have to be used to the maximum. Instead, the budget must also be taken into account in the construction drawing in order to visualize feasible ideas.
Phase 3: the rooms take shape
While the first two phases created a suitable basis for further steps, the third phase is already getting down to business. Specifically, this means that the inner workings of the object to be built are slowly taking shape. The structure in the house is built up by drawing in interior walls. At the same time, individual functions of different rooms have to be considered here. So it is up to the client to visualize the various wishes and feasible options between function and aesthetics. So there is already some life in the blueprint.
But it is precisely at this point, namely when drawing in the interior walls, that the statics play an important role. Because an entire building, including floors, furnishings and more, cannot simply be supported by the outer walls. Instead, the scaffolding must be fully utilized in order to guarantee safety and quality in the actual result in the future. When entering the interior walls, the most important thing is the difference between load-bearing and non-load-bearing walls.
Non-load-bearing walls are irrelevant for the statics and can easily be removed in the future. They are basically just delimitations to other rooms and ensure the structure and division of the property. Load-bearing walls, in turn, relieve the external walls and ensure that the building is preserved. They must not be removed in the future either, as this jeopardizes the security of the entire house.
Since drawing in load-bearing and non-load-bearing walls is a fundamental step in the construction drawing process, you should proceed carefully here. With this in mind, time and thought should be invested. Even as a layperson, it is possible to determine the high-quality structural analysis as well as drawing in load-bearing walls thanks to various software. Because CAD programs offer planning assistance, for example. In the area of the non-load-bearing walls you have a free hand and can let off steam on the screen according to your own individual wishes and expectations. This creates, for example, eat-in kitchens, spacious entrance areas or the division of the bedrooms. Depending on the structure of the room, the texture of the walls can also be set here. Some rooms need to be insulated better than others. This is not only relevant for the temperature, but also influences the acoustics. A lot of peace and quiet is particularly important in bedrooms or the study.
With the amount of thought that has to be invested here, a lot of work is required. Fortunately, CAD software can help here too. In this way, different versions can be saved and, as a result, compared directly with one another.
Phase 4: View through windows and doors
The right lighting conditions make a significant contribution to the quality of the room. However, this is not about artificial light sources, because daylight is always ideal. However, in order for it to shine sufficiently into the new dream home, it needs matching windows and doors to round off the building. When drawing in these elements, for example, the setting of the cardinal points from phase 1 is useful. You can see directly how the daylight ideally shines into the rooms.
But it is precisely when furnishing doors and windows that additional inventory is used for the first time. These items are available in all types, shapes, colors and, above all, price ranges. Depending on the budget, you have to plan sparingly so that affordable elements can be used efficiently. This is possible, for example, through open door arches or many large windows. At the same time, windows and doors also play a major role in exterior design. It is advisable to adapt this to the chosen roof so that a whole concept or style can be realized.
Phase 5: move into the visualized plan
Even if the plan has not yet been completed or let alone the house – in the fifth phase it is already time for the furnishing. The architectural drawing is not about decorating every detail and including all possible living trends. Instead, the rough setup should create a feeling for the rooms via the software. Area information is often to be assessed very abstractly and does not provide further information on whether the desired functions can be realized in the room. If the rooms are set up visually, a feeling for the quality of the room can be adopted. This also makes it immediately clear whether the planned space is sufficient for the room to function.
By setting up the plan, it is also possible to calculate additional space. In this way, you can play with the division and, as a result, create additional space for the future. After all, building a house is about a long-term decision, which is why potential events, such as the birth of a child, should be calculated. High quality software for construction planning make all this possible by providing an entire catalog with any inventory. At the same time, 3D tours create a realistic feeling. In this way, the rooms can be walked through and it can be decided which room layouts or window arrangements should perhaps be changed.
Phase 6: design the environment
Of course, the planning and drawing with the CAD software is primarily about the design of the future dream home. Nonetheless, the environment also plays a minor part in realizing this. The planned house looks more realistic from the outside when it stands on the designed property. This means that from a visual point of view, it can also be assessed immediately whether the project is in the right place. For this reason, a large number of programs for building planning offer various tools for designing the property and the garden. On the one hand, this makes it possible to check that there is still enough space available for the dreams around the garden. On the other hand, various types of vegetation, especially trees, have a significant influence on the lighting conditions. For example, fruit trees or other species in front of windows and the like must be taken into account.
Tips for a professional architectural drawing
A big step has already been taken with high-quality CAD software for building drawings. While the scope and functionality of the program also affect the quality of the plan, there are other tips. In this way, even the layman becomes an architect for the residential project.
Take care of the essentials
Before, during and after the planning phase, the focus should always be on the essentials. However, this is only possible if the builder keeps asking himself the right questions. Even if you can quickly lose yourself in the imaginative design and planning with extensive CAD software, the creation of important points is a priority. After all, what good are architectural masterpieces on the screen if there isn’t enough space for the family to move in? In this sense, you should think in advance about which living space must be available. For this, the size of the household must be taken into account, whereby various options must also be worked out. These include, for example, family planning or the suit of the children.
It is easiest if all requirements are put on paper in note form. For example, it can look like this:
- Room number
- Room layout (kitchen-living room, number of bedrooms and bathrooms, etc.)
- Amount of bullets
- Budget (which points are secondary? What absolutely needs to be achieved?)
- Architectural style
- Observe legal regulations
If these questions and points are already determined before planning, the drawing is all the easier. Because even if the functions in the software offer inspiration for more, the core of the points noted should be retained. In addition, by answering the questions, it is also easier to take into account the wishes of several people and stakeholders. In this way, compromises can be made in advance before experimenting and fiddling with the half-finished drawing.
Always think ahead
Wer ein Haus baut, investiert in die Zukunft. Aus diesem Grund ist es umso wichtiger, diese zu beachten. Nun wird nicht einfach, wie bei Mietwohnungen der Fall, eine größere Wohnung gewählt. Stattdessen muss der Bauherr schon bei der Planung die Raumanzahl und Aufteilung auf Dauer kalkulieren. Dazu zählen einerseits die Geburt von Kindern genauso wie der Auszug des Nachwuchses. Doch auch das Alter hinterlässt seine Spuren. Das Haus, welches heute ideal ist, ist es in zehn Jahren vielleicht nicht mehr. Damit dies nicht der Fall ist, sollte von Anfang an zukunftsorientiert gezeichnet werden. Dies ist beispielsweise durch die Verwirklichung von barrierefreien Räumen möglich. Dies wird an vielen Stellen umgesetzt. Im Fokus stehen jedoch das Badezimmer oder der Zugang zum Haus.
Observe legal regulations
The drawing of the plan is about the individual living wishes that have to be fulfilled. Nevertheless, this can be thwarted by the fact that the legal regulations are not taken into account. Because the state provides clear guidelines for the construction of residential buildings. This applies, for example, to the statics, but also to the arrangement on the property. Such requirements can differ from country to country and vary from state to state. Since such rules cannot be discussed, they must be considered from the start. Otherwise the building application will not be approved at all and the drawing will have to be restructured. To avoid this, all you need to do is call the responsible building authority in the city of the new property. Information can also be found online and on the official websites of the authorities. But no matter how the regulations are found out: If they are not observed, the project cannot be implemented.
Pay attention to the neighborhood
Building a new house not only creates new living space, but also changes the environment for numerous people. Despite all individual wishes, it is advisable that the planned project adapts optically to the neighborhood. In this way, negative attention is avoided. Conversely, the circumstances of the neighbors must also be taken into account when planning. It is worthwhile to ask around on the new home street. Otherwise, the old owner or the broker can also be contacted.
First and foremost, this point is about planning the new living space around that of the neighbors. A relaxed sleep in is not possible, for example, if the bedroom is directly adjacent to the neighbors’ garden, in which children are constantly romping. Barriers to the neighbors can also be calculated for this time. Paying attention to the conditions in the new environment protects against unpleasant surprises after the project has been completed.
Think outside the box and collect inspiration
Even if there is a specific dream home, it should not be rigidly pursued. Especially during the planning and drawing of the project, new ideas keep coming up, which as a result need to be taken into account. Different living trends and architectural styles offer a range of highlights. If the client gets this inspiration, an individual result and the realization of the boldest living dreams are guaranteed.
On the other hand, some building owners also lack ideas entirely. Most designs begin with very straightforward and simple sketches. In the course of the process and the work with the CAD software, new ideas and elements are added. However, this costs more time and effort. In this sense, it pays to pay attention to different and avant-garde options in advance. In this way, a more elegant base is created which, as a result, has to be changed less.
Especially when considering modern living concepts, it becomes clear that traditional living structures are no longer the be-all and end-all. Instead, the focus is on open room concepts, possibly many terraces and a smart division of the living spaces. This not only influences the appearance of the house, but also the lifestyle in it and the quality of the room. These are enough reasons for the building owner to get a lot of inspiration from the planning stage beyond the long-awaited dream home. Of course, houses in the neighborhood also serve as a reference here, as the result should be optically adapted to the surroundings. But futuristic and progressive designs can also be chosen – even if the environment consists of traditional apartment buildings. The Internet offers the best insight into the large world of house styles and plans. Catalogs from various manufacturers also help to obtain inspiration and ideas.
Good things take time: take it easy
The ideal construction drawing is just as little created within a few hours as the completion of the object. For this reason, it is important not to be hasty when drawing. A house shouldn’t be built quickly. Instead, individual dream homes should be realized and future-oriented solutions created. This is only possible if the client gives concrete thought to the planned construction in advance. The entire household contents should also be consulted here so that any potential for conflict is cleared out of the way. Once the prerequisites and requirements have been clarified, all sorts of things must be taken into account during the drawing.
Especially when the layman approaches the plan drawing using various software, familiarization, experimentation and time are the order of the day. Only in this way can all functions of the program be researched and used. However, these influence the end result significantly. Time pressure and stress should therefore be avoided when drawing by the layperson. Otherwise, inferior results will arise which the architect cannot do anything with and valuable time will be lost.
This does not mean that the sketch should be worked on for a long time. Instead, it has proven useful not to touch the project for days at a time. After this time, the plan is viewed from a different angle. Characteristics that should definitely be changed may arise. It is well known that four eyes see better than two. So the advice of friends and relatives helps with the drawing of the building project. Ultimately, the following applies: the more time and considerations flow into independent planning, the less the architect will change. In this way, the specifically planned projects can actually be implemented.