Life without electrics is hardly possible anymore. After all, it determines the entire everyday life and enriches every part of modern construction. In this sense, no more project can be carried out without extensive electrical planning. But on the contrary. Although extensive electrical planning is already necessary for the construction of new buildings, the trend is still increasing. Because in the near future more and more electrical devices will move into the household and enrich everyday life. However, this still requires sophisticated electrical planning for the new building. Smart home systems and co. Are only a small fraction of the innovations that are added in the context of electrical planning. But regardless of whether it is now or in the future: the scope of the electrical planning is always determined by the structure of the building and the individual requirements. In this sense, a kitchen has more electrical connections than a bedroom, for example. Nevertheless, in the context of modern and avant-garde wishes in home construction, sophisticated electrical planning can also be used in the bedroom or living room. It is therefore important that this is always carried out in the interests of the building owner and the family who move in. In this way, however, not only the current requirements, wishes and requirements should be calculated. Much more, a look into the future is always necessary in the context of electrical planning. This is the only way to achieve efficient results that are convincing in the long term.
What is necessary for planning the electrical system?
Electrical planning is not just about the arrangement of various electrical connections or devices. Instead, the plan is actually tailored precisely to the individual building. This therefore means that a sophisticated construction plan is necessary for drawing in the electrical plan. In this way, the professional can first decide and ensure at which points different electrical components are possible at all.
The electrical planning is based on numerous symbols and details. However, these standards also correspond to various CAD software for drawing yourself. The local program offers all the symbols for drawing in the electrics and electronics in a construction plan. These are not chosen according to your mood, but correspond to German building standards. This also enables the construction, including the electrical plan, to be forwarded directly to the professional. The end result not only looks appealing, but also provides the ideal basis for implementation by the expert.
What must be taken into account in electrical planning?
Various extensive CAD software for the planning of construction drawings prove that the electrical planning does not necessarily have to be carried out by an expert. Instead, the amateur builder can also be responsible for drawing the electrics in the new building. However, it is advisable that the person responsible is familiar with the basics of electrical planning. These include in particular the universal electrical symbols. Because it is also those who have to be included in the plan as a result. So if you don’t have this knowledge yet, you should acquire it soon. This can be done in a very short time using various tutorials, lists or books. In this way, you can still avoid the professional’s work and save money. Regardless of this, when you learn the various universal electrical symbols, it quickly becomes clear that you already know some of them from everyday life.
Once the various symbols for electrical planning have been learned, the building owner still has to stick to various things when drawing on his own. The focus here is particularly on the DIN 18015 standard. This has been specifying the minimum requirements that may be placed on the electrical systems of a new building since 2010. It is therefore advantageous for the client to deal with this standard. In this way, the electrical plan can be implemented sooner, while the expert only needs to change a few things. Most important, however, is the minimum number of circuits in a room or on a living space. In addition, there is the minimal number of sockets. However, the requirement is irrelevant in the sense that nowadays more sockets are usually installed than the minimum requirement provides. However, according to the standard, the number of sockets pays off after use in the room. For example, a storage room requires fewer connections to the electrical circuit than the kitchen.
In order to be able to adhere to the various standards, the future function must also be planned. This does not mean that any future changes are no longer possible after the planning. However, it is important that the realistic function of each room is determined.
Plan sockets and connections
An electrical plan consists of much more than sockets. It is often assumed that these represent the only connection to the electrical circuit in the home. However, this is not the case. Just think, for example, of the kitchen, in which the stove and other devices are connected. This also requires a connection to the circuit. While a socket is therefore used for devices and cables, it requires high-voltage current for the stove, for example. It is therefore important that all of these different parts are taken into account in the electrical design. Even if connections can be relocated and changed, the function and location should be clarified in advance. For example, it has to be determined where the stove should be in the kitchen. The easiest way to do this is to use a floor plan with a scale of 1:50.
Connections and sockets are not conspicuous or visible, but determine the location of much more monumental objects. For example, they influence the location of things such as the washing machine, stove, refrigerator or even the beloved floor lamp. With this in mind, optics must not be forgotten when planning electrical systems. It pays off to sweep through the room from all perspectives when planning. In this way, the building owner can get an idea of this and, as a result, determine which device would make sense at which point. Sockets can also attract negative attention from time to time. It is therefore important that your location is chosen well.
In the name of the quality of life and housing, various aspects are increasingly being pushed into focus in addition to the actual furnishings. There are also reasons for this. One of these aspects is lighting. It has been known for some time that the right lighting system at home provides more comfort and quality of life. With this in mind, the right place for all elements must be found before planning and drawing the lighting. This applies to ceiling and wall lights, for example. There are a few rules of thumb to follow in order to achieve the maximum quality in home lighting. The ceiling light should be placed in the middle of the room in order to emit the same amount of light in all areas. However, this only applies if only a ceiling light is arranged. At the same time, detailed thoughts all around certain areas are profitable. This would be, for example, a ceiling or wall lamp around the dining area. However, it is easiest if several connections are drawn in the electrical plan at the same time. As a result, the client always retains freedom of choice and flexibility in the final implementation. After all, it is also not a problem if some connections remain unchanged. Again, it’s better to use too much than too little.
If all lights have been found that are to be installed within the living room, they must be marked with the appropriate electrical symbol. In the further course they are also numbered, which ensures that the installation is carried out properly and efficiently. In addition, in the name of a better overview and order, it is also advisable that several lights that are operated with just one light switch are given the same number.
Place light switch
When planning light switches, everyday comfort is already defined. After all, everyone knows how uncomfortable it is when you are sitting on the sofa and have to go forever to switch off the light. All of these points must be taken into account now. In this sense, there are a variety of ways in which the light switches can be placed. The focus is of course on the individual behavior of the residents. As a rule of thumb, however, light switches should be placed in different locations in transit areas, such as the hallway. When drawing in, it is also particularly important that the light switches have the corresponding numbers for the planned lamps. In this way, the electrician can coordinate these during installation.
Inclusion of the conduits in the electrical planning
In the field of construction, too, there are always more innovations that increase its quality. With old houses, for example, there is often a real tangle of cables in the walls. This has numerous disadvantages which should be prevented. An innovative solution here is that empty conduits are integrated into the floor plan. This bundles the individual cables in an ideal way and prevents problems.
In this way, any errors in the electronics can be easily localized. The tangled cables do not have to be resolved first, but the right cable can be used directly to rectify the error.
Tips for electrical planning
Electrical planning is basically an area that is defined once and then no longer changed. That is why the highest level of precision should be demonstrated right from the start. These tips will help.
Various components of electrical planning, for example socket connections, are also based on the furnishings in the room. For this reason, it pays off if the building plan is already enriched with basic pieces of furniture. This also shows where a socket or a light switch should be. Fittings or mirrors should not be forgotten here either, so that no light switch disappears behind a decorative object in the end.
Even if the planned construction seems perfect at this moment, the requirements may still change in the future. It is therefore important that the electrical planning also presents the necessary options in the long term. Therefore, not only sockets, but also internet connections or those for ceiling lamps should be considered. This makes it easy to change the function of the room in the future.
With electrical plan for purchasing
The electrical plan must be adapted to your needs and the facility in turn to the electrical plan. That is why it is important to always get the right objects and items for them. It is therefore most profitable if the electrical plan is simply taken with you when you go shopping. This makes it easy to decide which lamp is the ideal one for the room. Bad purchases and the like are thus prevented.
Multiply the electrical plan
The electrical planning is not only important for the construction of the building. Much more, it may also be necessary during future use. This is the case, for example, if all the backups jump out. Now it must be clear where which components can be switched on again. The building owner should therefore store the electrical plan in different places, for example at the fuse box.